Mobile RFID Solution for Airport Baggage Handling
The IATA-approved solution can be immediately integrated without any accessing of existing IT infrastructures being required
Baggage handling - probably the most complex task that every airline has to deal with
For the airline passenger it all looks so simple: you check in your bag, board the plane and you pick up your baggage once again from the baggage carousel in the airport where you land. But logistics experts know: behind the scenes, the airlines must fulfil a wide range of tasks in order that the whole baggage handling works. In order to put a secure and reliable baggage handling system in place, the 10-digit licence plate number (LPN) is still being used, which is printed in the form of a 1D barcode on the baggage banderols. These are read by different barcode readers throughout the airport and the baggage is then assigned to the respective plane.
Even if the proportion of incorrectly assigned baggage was reduced by an unprecedented 70% in the period from 2007 - 2016, baggage lost in transport today still represents an enormous cost burden for the airlines.
Baggage lost during transport costs airlines 2.1 billion US dollars annually
According to the “SITA Baggage Report 2017”, for every 1,000 passengers, exactly 5.73 pieces of baggage were lost. This corresponded to 26 million pieces of baggage being reported missing in airports throughout. 95% of this baggage was located once again within 48 hours and returned to its owners with a delay, only 5% were regarded as having been completely lost. The effected airlines were required to spend 2.1 billion US dollars to reunite passengers with their lost baggage or to pay compensation for baggage that could no longer be found, and for those passengers effected, a night without their personal toiletries and fresh underwear isn’t really something that they will remember fondly.
IATA Resolution 753 improves the baggage tracking
Since June 2018, the IATA Resolution 753 has been in effect. The “International Air Transport Association” anchored in the resolution that, similar to parcel services, airlines must also track the baggage four-fold in order to know where each piece of baggage is located at each stage of its transport. This allows errors to be detected early and the passengers also know where there suitcase is in at any given time thanks to the real-time data.
RFID as a key technology for more speed and greater accuracy
The RFID Technology (Radio Frequency Identification) is a fundamentally important piece of technology for implementing the IATA Resolution 753 because it offers significant advantages compared to barcodes. They can identify and assign the transponders integrated into the baggage tags from large distances. Compared to barcodes, the RFID also offers large potentials in terms of speed, accuracy and memory sizes.
And finally, additional information can be added to the RFID tag at different stations, while when only barcodes are used the entire baggage banderol would have to be replaced in such as case. If, for example, a passenger misses their connecting flight, the airline can send the updated data to the specific piece of baggage and redirect it.
The mobile RFID solution for airlines is the fastest and most cost-effective way to progress from barcodes to RFID
The introduction of a new technology usually entails enormous investment costs: IT structures need to be adapted, existing equipment needs to be replaced - a large amount of tasks that the majority of airlines have been afraid to implement up to now.
With its hybrid, mobile devices from its mobility product line PANMOBIL, FEIG ELECTRONIC offers a globally approved and already actively used mobile solution, which will allow the introduction of RFID for baggage handling to be implemented as easily as possible. And all this without investments being required for the purchase and approval of RFID-capable printers at check-in.
Initially the baggage banderols will continue to be printed using the printers already in place. Subsequently, the banderol is held under the barcode/RFID scanner “ECCO+” located next to the printer, which then reads the barcode information within seconds and then transmits it to the RFID transponder that is also contained in the barcode in accordance with the IATA process.
The investment in this hybrid solution only requires a fraction of the costs that would otherwise be involved in the purchase of a completely new RFID-capable printers, which means that already installed hardware can continue to be used and the switch-over can take place without any further additional system or software-related expenditure.
Furthermore, the “ECCO+” from FEIG ELECTRONIC can be flexibly deployed and has already been in use for the past two years in 58 countries - which also include one of the biggest airlines in the United States.
In addition to the 1D laser scanner and the RFID UHF writing/reading unit, the device is also available with a 1D/2D imager. Its two large batteries ensure long operation without the need for intermediate charging. Four clearly structured, freely programmable buttons and exchangeable front cover for individual labelling make it unique and self-explanatory.
Advantages of the solution at a glance:
• The mobile device is installed at the check-in counter and allows the barcode and RFID data to be recorded
• No adaptations to the existing infrastructure are required!
• Already existing equipment will continue to be used completely
• Solution is mobile and is available where and when it is needed
• The barcode processing system can continue to be used unchanged
• The information contained on the baggage tags is read-out and saved on the RFID transponder in the same banderol
• The coexistence of barcodes and RFID allows the most modern technology to be used for baggage handling and for check-in
• Parallel use of barcodes and RFID technology makes it possible to use for all commonly-used baggage tags
Optimal supplement to the mobile solution: stationary RFID reader with reader ranges of up to 16 metres
The IATA-Resolution 753 requires the four-fold tracking of the individual pieces of baggage: at check-in, when being loaded into the aircraft at the departure airport, when being fed into the baggage-transfer traffic and when being unloaded from the aircraft at your destination.
The RFID UHF writing/reading devices are particularly suitable for tracking during loading and transport. They achieve a reading range of up to 16 metres and so make it possible to set-up an entrance and exit gate using several UHF antennas in order to be able to identify a larger number of tagged baggage pieces at the same time.
FEIG ELECTRONIC has been a globally operating specialist for HF and UHF reading systems for the past 20 years and has a massive amount of experience when it comes to equipping logistics systems with the matching HF and UHF reading hardware.